Points Of Authority

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"Points Of Authority"
Studio-Hybrid Theory Cover.jpg
Song by Linkin Park from the album Hybrid Theory
Working title Points And Authority / Points Of Authority
Recorded 1999 - 2000
Length 03:20
Time signature 4/4
Tempo 95
Key Eb Minor
Live debut Unknown
Last played July 4, 2017
Writer Brad Delson, Chester Bennington, Joe Hahn, Mike Shinoda, Rob Bourdon
Producer Don Gilmore
Label Warner Bros.

Hybrid Theory track listing
  1. Papercut
  2. One Step Closer
  3. With You
  4. Points Of Authority
  5. Crawling
  6. Runaway
  7. By Myself
  8. In The End
  9. A Place For My Head
  10. Forgotten
  11. Cure For The Itch
  12. Pushing Me Away

"Points Of Authority" is the fourth track on the album Hybrid Theory. A CD single for the song was set to be released on the UK on September 17, 2001, but instead, "Papercut" was released as the third single from the album on September 25, 2001. The song was later intended to be the fifth and final single from the album, with a release set to January 7, 2002, but it was later cancelled. Despite not being released as a single, a music video for "Points Of Authority" was made and used to promote the Frat Party At The Pankake Festival DVD, in which it was included.

Background

"Points Of Authority" originated from the drum beat of a demo called "Oh No", which was released on November 17, 2010 on the LP Underground X: Demos CD. According to Mike Shinoda, "Points Of Authority" was a song that never lost its working title, however, a few Warner Bros. internal demo CDs have the song listed as "Points And Authority".

Another demo of the song was released on the LP Underground 12 CD on November 16, 2012. On the booklet, Brad Delson wrote: "One of my favorite songs from our Hybrid Theory writing sessions. You'll notice the bridge from the album version is actually the chorus in this early version. The bridge here was ultimately replaced by the demo chorus - our version of musical darwinism."

On an article published by Rolling Stone on March 14, 2002, Rob Bourdon explained how the riff of the song came together: "Brad wrote this riff, then went home. Mike decided to cut it up into different pieces and rearranged them on the computer. [Shinoda rewrote Delson's riff so completely, Bourdon says,] that Brad had to learn his own part from the computer. [Delson wasn't bugged.] Mike is a genius, [he declares.] Trent Reznor-talented."[1]

As the band was playing their songs to producer Don Gilmore, the only ones he liked were "Points Of Authority" and "With You". This made the band feel comfortable enough with both songs to make them available on their website later. As for the rest of the album, Chester told Kerrang!, "We basically had to write a new record in two months. We stayed at Mike’s house around the clock and wrote that album."[2]

In an interview with the fan site Linkin Park Web, Mike said, "The most difficult song to do might be “Points of Authority”. That song didn’t have a chorus for the longest time (months). In the studio, Don (our producer) was putting a lot of pressure on us to write more to it, and it took forever for Brad, Chester, and I to come up with it. Writing a song under pressure is like trying to pee with people watching you."[3]

Releases

Promo Single

No. Title Writer(s) Length
1 Points Of Authority Bennington Chester Charles, Bourdon Robert G, Delson Brad, Hahn Joseph, Shinoda Mike 3:20

VHS Single

No. Title Writer(s) Length
1 Points Of Authority (Video) Bennington, Bourdon, Delson, Hahn, Shinoda 3:30

Music Video

The music video for "Points Of Authority" was directed by Nathan "Karma" Cox and features footage from various live performances filmed throughout 2001, including Washington 28.05.2001 and Noblesville 12.06.2001. The audio is the studio version of the song with crowd noise added to the begining and the end.

The video was released as part of Frat Party At The Pankake Festival and was used to promote the DVD.

On a January 11, 2002 linkinpark.com chat, Mike Shinoda said,"there are two videos for POA... both are live one video (POA) is a compilation of all kinds of stuff from the last year another video is a HIDDEN TREAT ON THE DVD".[4] The second video he referred to was filmed on February 3, 2001 during the Dragon Festival in San Bernardino, California.

Versions

Note: Only the date of the very first release of each version is listed.

Studio

Title Album Length Recorded Released Notes
Points Of Authority Hybrid Theory

Little Nicky

3:20 2000 October 24, 2000
Oh No (Points Of Authority Demo) LP Underground X: Demos 2:05 November 17, 2010
  • Original seed.
Points Of Authority (Demo) LP Underground 12 3:04 November 16, 2012
  • The chorus is the intro of the album version.
  • Second chorus is repeated.
  • Break between the second verse and the third chorus.
  • "It's time to sink or swim" breakdown.
Points & Authority Demos

Hybrid Theory 8-Track Demo

Linkin Park - Demos From 02-2000

2:51 1999
  • The first CD it appears dates from January 7, 2000.
  • Mike raps the second chorus only once.
  • Shorter space between the second verse and the third chorus.
  • Listed as "Points And Authority" in the 8-track and 7-track CDs.
  • Released on LPFuse for free download on Christmas 2004.
Points Of Authority Hybrid Theory 6-Track Demo 3:27 2000
  • The CD dates from April 25, 2000.
  • Released for free download on Hybrid Theory's official website.
  • The WebArchive snapshot which shows this demo dates from June 8, 2000.
  • Alternate rap lyrics: "Forfeit the game/stop the talk show".
  • Commonly mislabeled as "Vertical Limit."
  • Released on LPAssociation for free download on September 15, 2012.
Points Of Authority Studio Finals 5/7/00 3:24 2000
  • The CD dates from July 5, 2000.
  • The repeating sample does not stop at the end of Mike's opening verse.
  • Different mix.
  • Released on LPLive for free download on April 9, 2011.
Points Of Authority Hybrid Theory - Instrumentals 3:23 2000
  • Official instrumental version.

Remix

Title Album Length Recorded Released Notes
Pts.Of.Athrty Reanimation 3:45 2001 July 30, 2002
  • Remix by Jay Gordon.
Pts.Of.Athrty Pts.Of.Athrty

Pts.Of.Athrty / H! Vltg3

Kerrang! Recharged

3:39 2001 July 19, 2002
  • Lacks the transition to "Enth E Nd" at the end.
Points Of Authority (Remixed by Jay Gordon) Jay Gordon Remiks Demo Reel

"Reanimation" Internal Demo

3:36 2001 2007
  • The Reanimation demo CD dates from late January or February 2002.
  • Released by PanoraManiacal Soundscapes for free download in 2007.
  • Some samples are non-existent.
  • Extra vocals on the "bridge" of the song backing up Chester.
Pts.OF.Athrty (Beat Juggle) (Remix by FSG) DJ Hero 2: Linkin Park Mix Pack (DLC) 3:34 2010 December 21, 2010
  • Remix by Patrick Walker and Al Matthews.
  • There was no official soundtrack release for the game.
Pts.Of.Athrty (Crystal Method Remix) LP Underground 2.0

Hybrid Theory (Mastered For iTunes Deluxe Version)

4:57 2001 November 18, 2002
  • Remix by Scott Kirkland and Ken D. Jordan.
  • Labeled "Points Of Authority (Crystal Method Remix)" on Hybrid Theory.
Points Of Authority/99 Problems/One Step Closer Collision Course 4:55 2004 November 30, 2004
  • Mash-up with Jay-Z.
  • Contains a reference to Ice-T's "99 Problems".
Points Of Authority/99 Problems/One Step Closer Collision Course (Clean) 4:55 2004 November 30, 2004
2001
  • Remix by Z-Trip.
  • Reanimation outtake.
  • Unreleased.

Live

Title Album Length Recorded Released Notes
Points Of Authority Frat Party At The Pankake Festival February 03, 2001 November 20, 2001
  • Video.
  • Hidden easter egg.
  • From the Dragon Festival in Los Angeles.
Points Of Authority (Live) Papercut

Compilation

3:25 January 12, 2001 September 25, 2001
  • From Radio One's "Evening Session" first transmission date January 11 2001.
Points Of Authority (Live At Docklands Arena London) In The End (CD 1)

Hybrid Theory (Special Edition)

In The End (JP EP)

3:29 March 24, 2001 October 9, 2001
  • Produced for Radio 1.
Points Of Authority Live In Texas 3:25 August 02, 2003

August 03, 2003

November 18, 2003
  • Recorded live August 2nd 2003 at Reliant Stadium in Houston, TX and August 3rd 2003 at Texas Stadium in Irving, TX on the Summer Sanitarium Tour.
Points Of Authority/99 Problems/One Step Closer Collision Course July 18, 2004 November 30, 2004
  • Censored.
  • DVD only.
Points Of Authority Road To Revolution: Live At Milton Keynes 5:04 June 29, 2008 November 21, 2008
  • With "Petrified" and "There They Go".
  • DVD only. Bonus content.
  • Filmed at the National Bowl, Milton Keynes June 29, 2008.
Points Of Authority (Live From Sydney, 2007) Hybrid Theory - Live Around The World 4:07 October 21, 2007 May 31, 2012
Points Of Authority Live In Monterrey September 12, 2012 June 13, 2014
  • DVD only.
  • The Hunting Party bonus DVD.
  • Live show filmed at Arena Monterrey in Monterrey, Mexico on September 12, 2012.
Points Of Authority (Live At Download Festival 2014) Hybrid Theory - Live At Download Festival 2014 4:59 June 14, 2014 August 12, 2014

Live

"Points Of Authority" has appeared in Linkin Park setlists since 2000 (and quite possibly, even before). Throughout the Hybrid Theory touring cycle, "Points Of Authority" was regularly performed as a mid-set song. While the band was experimenting the song placement with their setlists on the Ozzfest in 2001, it is quite possible "Points Of Authority" opened the show in East Troy, Wisconsin. While it is possible "Forgotten" opened the show instead (as we do not know the full setlist for that show), it would be the only time "Points Of Authority" had ever opened a show. The song returned to it's regular mid-set position for the rest of the Hybrid Theory touring cycle. At the band's late night performance at Rock im Park, "Points Of Authority" had some extensions added on to it: before the song, the "LEE Interlude" was performed before it - the interlude usually came before "Papercut". Mike also performed an extended beatbox intro before the song.

The song returned to the setlists on the Meteora touring cycle, where it reassumed its mid-set position. Starting on the Meteora International Tour, "Points Of Authority" finally received its first consistent extension. It featured a new extended intro, which was a piece of the song's remix from Reanimation, "Pts.Of.Athrty". The song retained the extended intro for the rest of the Meteora cycle. The studio version of the song was performed again for the Summer Sonic performances in 2006.

"Points Of Authority" was dropped for the first few shows on the Minutes To Midnight Promotional Tour. After six shows, the band finally performed it again starting at their show at the Bamboozle in New Jersey. The song returned with a brand new intro, entitled "Intro #1", along with Mike rapping the his verse from the song over the new intro leading into the main song. Mike continued to perform the intro in this fashion, until a few shows into Projekt Revolution 2007. Beginning in Phoenix, Arizona, Mike began incorporating various verses from older Linkin Park songs as well as Fort Minor tracks - in Arizona's case, he rapped "Petrified" by Fort Minor. Common verses over the extended intro in 2007 included "Petrified", "Step Up", and "In Stereo". Mike also performed rarer verses, including songs with Fort Minor that never debuted live, such as "Respect 4 Grandma" and "Bloc Party". Beginning in 2008, the band added on an outro to the song for the first time, which was essentially just a band jam. On the second tour of the year, the Minutes To Midnight North American Tour, Mike began rapping "There They Go" by Fort Minor over the outro. When the band had to drop the song for a few shows near the end of the tour due to Chester being sick, they tacked the outro onto "Papercut" instead. "There They Go" remained exclusive to the outro until 2009, where Mike began to experiment more with it, rapping verses from "Reading My Eyes" and "A Place For My Head" over it. 2009 featured some unique verses over the intro, as well (mostly due to mistake). In 2009, the band also changed up the instrumental of the intro, which then became "Intro #2". In Stuttgart, Germany featured a mashup of the first verse of "High Voltage" and a verse of "Bloc Party".

After an upwards of a nine year run, "Points Of Authority" was dropped during the A Thousand Suns World Tour. On the last show of the A Thousand Suns European Tour, in London, England, both "Points Of Authority" and "Somewhere I Belong" (another song that was not performed on the touring cycle) were listed on potential setlists for the night, but neither were ultimately played. The song did not return to the setlists until the Living Things touring cycle, where the band brought back many older songs including "Points Of Authority", "With You", "Runaway", and "Somewhere I Belong" for the first time in years. The song was performed as its studio version for the entirety of the cycle. An exception to this would be on the first night in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where Brad and Rob did a hit outro to the song. The intro of the song had the guitar track with a splicer effect on it so that it could imitate the palm-muting effect.

The song returned on The Hunting Party World Tour, where it was played near the end of Act I of the setlist (before "One Step Closer"). It segued right off of the extended outro of "Given Up", where it was performed with a new shortened intro. The song was performed consistently throughout the touring cycle. On the Carnivores Tour, "Points Of Authority" was replaced by "With You" in Set B, but was still performed in Set A. The song was dropped in the beginning of 2015, with "From The Inside" being its replacement. It did not return until the short Mexico Tour in June for the full version of the U.S. Festival set.

"Points Of Authority" was included as a part of the "rotation slot" on the One More Light cycle, being added at the band's show in Berlin. It was rotated with "Somewhere I Belong", "From The Inside", and "A Place For My Head". During the band's extended sets in London, "Points Of Authority" was played earlier in the set on night two, being played after "New Divide".

Variations

Last Updated: December 13, 2015

Type Description First Played Last Played
Intro Beatbox Intro June 2, 2001 June 2, 2001
Intro Lee Interlude June 2, 2001 June 2, 2001
Intro Reanimated Intro June 3, 2004 September 11, 2004
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Points Of Authority" (Intro verse rapped over the extended intro) May 6, 2007 July 31, 2007
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Petrified" Verse 1 August 1, 2007 August 24, 2008
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Nobody's Listening" Verse 1 August 3, 2007 August 24, 2007
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Respekt 4 Grandma" August 4, 2007 August 19, 2007
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Dolla" August 5, 2007 February 25, 2008
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Bloc Party" August 7, 2007 August 12, 2008
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Petrified" Verse 2 August 8, 2007 August 16, 2008
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Step Up" Verse 1 August 10, 2007 October 26, 2007
Intro Intro #1 w/ "In Stereo" Verse 2 August 11, 2007 July 20, 2007
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Second To None" August 13, 2007 August 13, 2007
Intro Intro #1 w/ "High Voltage" Verse 2 August 14, 2007 September 3, 2007
Intro Intro #1 w/ "In Stereo" Verse 1 August 17, 2007 August 23, 2008
Intro Intro #1 w/ "It's Goin' Down" Verse 1 August 28, 2007 March 6, 2008
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Nobody's Listening" Verse 2 August 31, 2007 August 31, 2007
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Petrified" Verse 1 (Long) November 18, 2007 November 18, 2007
Intro Intro #1 w/ "High Road" Verse 1 Tease -> "In Stereo" Verse 1 January 21, 2008 January 21, 2008
Intro Intro #1 w/ "High Road" January 22, 2008 January 22, 2008
Intro Intro #1 w/ "Points Of Authority" Rap Tease January 24, 2008 January 24, 2008
Intro Intro #1 w/ "It's Goin' Down" Verse 1 Partial January 27, 2008 January 27, 2008
Intro Intro #1 (No Verse) February 22, 2008 March 7, 2008
Intro Intro #2 w/ "Petrified" Verse 1 July 19, 2009 August 15, 2009
Intro Intro #2 w/ "Petrified" Verse 2 July 26, 2009 August 22, 2009
Intro Intro #2 w/ "High Voltage" Verse 1 / "Bloc Party" Mashup July 30, 2009 July 30, 2009
Intro Intro #2 w/ "In Stereo" Verse 2 August 9, 2009 August 9, 2009
Intro Intro #2 w/ "Step Up" Verse 1 August 11, 2009 August 11, 2009
Intro Intro #2 w/ "Dedicated" Verse 1 August 13, 2009 August 16, 2009
Intro Shortened Intro (No Verse) May 24, 2014 August 9, 2014
Intro Shortened Intro (With Verse) August 15, 2014 November 7, 2015
Outro Outro Jam January 16, 2008 July 18, 2008
Outro w/ "There They Go" Verse 1 February 22, 2008 August 11, 2009
Outro w/ "A Place For My Head" Verse 1 July 21, 2009 August 22, 2009
Outro w/ "Reading My Eyes" Verse 1 July 30, 2009 August 9, 2009
Outro Short Hits Outro (Brad messed up, playing after the song ended, with Rob following his lead) October 8, 2012 October 8, 2012

Live Guests

Last Updated: December 23, 2015

  • Benjamin Chandler (replacing Brad Delson)
  • Ryu & Tak (Styles Of Beyond)
  • Warren Willis (replacing Joe Hahn)

Awards and Nominations

Year Award Category Status
2002 Mnet Asian Music Awards Best International Artist Nominated

Personnel

Linkin Park

  • Chester Bennington: vocals
  • Rob Bourdon: drums, backing vocals
  • Brad Delson: guitars, bass, backing vocals
  • Joseph Hahn: records, sampling, backing vocals
  • Mike Shinoda: emcee, vocals, beats, sampling

Production

  • Don Gilmore: producer
  • Jeff Blue: executive producer
  • Andy Wallace: mixer

Lyrics

Gallery

In Other Media

  • "Points Of Authority" is featured in the 2000 film Little Nicky and was included in its soundtrack album.

Cover Versions

New Jersery metalcore band Burn It To The Ground (fronted by former The Air I Breathe singer Tony Dougard)[5] released a cover of "Points Of Authority" on January 2, 2015 through their BandCamp page.[6]

External Links

  • Points Of Authority (Music Video): LPTV | MTV
  • Points Of Authority (Texas 2003) - WMG
  • Points Of Authority (Smokeout 2003) - Fremont Studios

References

References

  1. Interview: Linkin Park | Rolling Stone, March 14, 2002
  2. Linkin Park Kerrang! | Tom Bryant - tom-bryant.com
  3. Linkin Park Web Interview - Mike Shinoda Clan, September 2000
  4. linkinpark.com chat 011120, November 20, 2001
  5. BURN IT TO THE GROUND (EX-THE AIR I BREATHE) | The Circle Pit, May 10, 2014
  6. Points of Authority (Linkin Park Cover) | Burn It To The Ground, January 02, 2015