Points Of Authority
|"Points Of Authority"|
|Song by Linkin Park from the album Hybrid Theory|
|Working title||Points And Authority / Points Of Authority|
|Recorded||1999 - 2000|
|Stems||Open Labs SoundSlate Pro|
|Last played||July 4, 2017|
|Writer||Brad Delson, Chester Bennington, Joe Hahn, Mike Shinoda, Rob Bourdon|
"Points Of Authority" is the fourth track on the album Hybrid Theory. A CD single for the song was set to be released on the UK on September 17, 2001, but instead, "Papercut" was released as the third single from the album on September 25, 2001. The song was later intended to be the fifth and final single from the album, with a release set to January 7, 2002, but it was cancelled. Despite not being released as a single, a music video for "Points Of Authority" was made and used to promote the Frat Party At The Pankake Festival DVD, in which it was included.
"Points Of Authority" originated from the drum beat of a demo called "Oh No", which was released on November 17, 2010 on the LP Underground X: Demos CD. According to Mike Shinoda, "Points Of Authority" was a song that never lost its working title, however, a few Warner Bros. internal demo CDs have the song listed as "Points And Authority".
Another demo of the song was released on the LP Underground 12 CD on November 16, 2012. On the booklet, Brad Delson wrote: "One of my favorite songs from our Hybrid Theory writing sessions. You'll notice the bridge from the album version is actually the chorus in this early version. The bridge here was ultimately replaced by the demo chorus - our version of musical darwinism."
On an article published by Rolling Stone on March 14, 2002, Rob Bourdon explained how the riff of the song came together: "Brad wrote this riff, then went home. Mike decided to cut it up into different pieces and rearranged them on the computer. [Shinoda rewrote Delson's riff so completely, Bourdon says,] that Brad had to learn his own part from the computer. [Delson wasn't bugged.] Mike is a genius, [he declares.] Trent Reznor-talented."
Mike explained, "The cut-up guitar on POA was originally a different, less-exciting riff. Brad suggested we re-write it; I agreed and decided to cut it up instead."
As the band was playing their songs to producer Don Gilmore, the only ones he liked were "Points Of Authority" and "With You". This made the band feel comfortable enough with both songs to make them available on their website later. As for the rest of the album, Chester told Kerrang!, "We basically had to write a new record in two months. We stayed at Mike’s house around the clock and wrote that album."
In an interview with the fan site Linkin Park Web, Mike said, "The most difficult song to do might be “Points of Authority”. That song didn’t have a chorus for the longest time (months). In the studio, Don (our producer) was putting a lot of pressure on us to write more to it, and it took forever for Brad, Chester, and I to come up with it. Writing a song under pressure is like trying to pee with people watching you."
Due to Phoenix being out of the band at this time (1999 to October 2000) to tour with The Snax, he did not record bass on any songs on the Hybrid Theory EP or Hybrid Theory. Brad Delson recorded the bass on "With You", "Points Of Authority", "Crawling", "Runaway", "By Myself", "In The End", and "Pushing Me Away".
Of any Linkin Park, "Points Of Authority" is one of the songs with the most demos available, since the band was working hard on it in 1999 and 2000.
Chronologically, the first demo for "Points Of Authority" is titled "Oh No" and was included on the LP Underground X: Demos CD in November 2010. It is the original "seed" for the track and is an instrumental, but it's before the song really took shape. A longer, but slightly different, version of this demo was included in the 2019 Hybrid Party Of A Thousand Things leak.
The demo "Points & Authority" or "Points And Authority" (note the name) appears on three different demos - the Hybrid Theory 9-Track Demo CD, the Hybrid Theory 8-Track Demo, and the Hybrid Theory 7-Track Demo CD. In this version, Mike raps the second chorus only once instead of twice, and there is a shorter gap between the second verse and the third chorus. This is the most common demo with Linkin Park fans as it has been circulating since Christmas 2004.
On the LP Underground 12 CD, Linkin Park released another demo of "Points Of Authority" that is unique. In this demo, the second chorus is repeated, the chorus is the intro of the album version, there is a break between the second verse and the third chorus, but most notably, the breakdown of the song contains the lyrics "it's time to sink or swim."
The Hybrid Theory 6-Track Demo CD from April 2000 contains a later version of the song. It was also released for free download on the band's website hybridtheory.com. In this demo, there are alternate rap lines from Mike where he says, "forfeit the game / stop the talk show."
On the Hybrid Theory (Unmastered Studio Finals 5/7/00) CD, the song has a different mix and the only other difference is that the intro sample doesn't stop at the end of Mike's first vocal part of the song.
Linkin Park released a remix of "Points Of Authority" on Reanimation in July 2002 titled "Pts.Of.Athrty". The track was remixed by Jay Gordon, lead singer of Orgy, Nova For The Astro Americans, and Doug Trantow. When performing live in summer 2004, Linkin Park used the beginning of the remix as the intro for the song.
The Crystal Method remixed "Points Of Authority" as well, and although it was not included on Reanimation, it was released on the LP Underground 2.0 CD in November 2002.
DJ Z-Trip also began a remix for the song, but it was never finished.
|1||Points Of Authority||Bennington Chester Charles, Bourdon Robert G, Delson Brad, Hahn Joseph, Shinoda Mike||3:20|
|1||Points Of Authority (Video)||Bennington, Bourdon, Delson, Hahn, Shinoda||3:30|
The music video for "Points Of Authority" was directed by Nathan "Karma" Cox and features footage from various live performances filmed throughout 2000 and 2001, up to Ozzfest 2001. It includes West Hollywood 2000.09.05, London 2001.01.11, San Francisco 2001.01.30, San Diego 2001.02.01, Wien 2001.03.09, Glasgow 2001.03.22, London 2001.03.24, Manchester 2001.03.25, Tokyo 2001.05.14, Washington 2001.05.28, Noblesville 2001.06.12, Phoenix 2001.07.01, Atlanta 2001.07.07, Camden 2001.07.09 and Noblesville 2001.07.29. The audio is the studio version of the song with crowd noise added to the begining and the end. The video was released as part of Frat Party At The Pankake Festival and was used to promote the DVD.
On a January 11, 2002 linkinpark.com chat, Mike Shinoda said,"there are two videos for POA... both are live one video (POA) is a compilation of all kinds of stuff from the last year another video is a HIDDEN TREAT ON THE DVD". The second video he referred to was filmed on February 3, 2001 during the Dragon Festival in San Bernardino, California.
Artist Name: Linkin Park
Note: Only the date of the very first release of each version is listed.
|Points Of Authority||Hybrid Theory
|3:20||2000||October 24, 2000|
|Oh No (Points Of Authority Demo)||LP Underground X: Demos||2:05||November 17, 2010||
|Oh No||Hybrid Party Of A Thousand Things||3:38||
|Points Of Authority (Demo)||LP Underground 12
Hybrid Theory (20th Anniversary Edition)
|3:04||November 16, 2012||
|Points & Authority||Demos||2:51||1999||
|Points Of Authority||Hybrid Theory 6-Track Demo
Hybrid Theory (20th Anniversary Edition)
|Points Of Authority||Studio Finals 5/7/00||3:24||2000||
|Points Of Authority||Hybrid Theory - Instrumentals||3:23||2000||
|Pts.Of.Athrty||Reanimation||3:45||2001||July 30, 2002||
Pts.Of.Athrty / H! Vltg3
|3:39||2001||July 19, 2002||
|Points Of Authority (Remixed by Jay Gordon)||Jay Gordon Remiks Demo Reel
"Reanimation" Internal Demo
|Pts.OF.Athrty (Beat Juggle) (Remix by FSG)||DJ Hero 2: Linkin Park Mix Pack (DLC)||3:34||2010||December 21, 2010||
|Pts.Of.Athrty (Crystal Method Remix)||LP Underground 2.0
Hybrid Theory (Mastered For iTunes Deluxe Version)
|4:57||2001||November 18, 2002||
|Points Of Authority/99 Problems/One Step Closer||Collision Course||4:55||2004||November 30, 2004||
|Points Of Authority/99 Problems/One Step Closer||Collision Course (Clean)||4:55||2004||November 30, 2004|
|Pts.Of.Athrty||Reanimation - Instrumentals||3:45||2001||
|Points Of Authority||Frat Party At The Pankake Festival||February 03, 2001||November 20, 2001||
|Points Of Authority (Live)||Papercut||3:25||January 12, 2001||September 25, 2001||
|Points Of Authority (Live At Docklands Arena London)||In The End (CD 1)
Hybrid Theory (Special Edition)
In The End (JP EP)
Hybrid Theory (20th Anniversary Edition)
|3:29||March 24, 2001||October 9, 2001||
|Points Of Authority||Live In Texas||3:25||August 02, 2003||November 18, 2003||
|Points Of Authority/99 Problems/One Step Closer||Collision Course||7:47||July 18, 2004||November 30, 2004||
|Points Of Authority||Road To Revolution: Live At Milton Keynes||5:04||June 29, 2008||November 21, 2008|
|Points Of Authority (Live From Sydney, 2007)||Hybrid Theory - Live Around The World||4:07||October 21, 2007||May 31, 2012|
|Points Of Authority||Live In Monterrey||3:19||September 12, 2012||June 13, 2014||
|Points Of Authority (Live At Download Festival 2014)||Hybrid Theory - Live At Download Festival 2014||4:59||June 14, 2014||August 12, 2014||
|Points Of Authority||Hybrid Theory (20th Anniversary Edition)||3:49||January 30, 2001||October 9, 2020||
|Points Of Authority||Hybrid Theory (20th Anniversary Edition)||4:18||June 03, 2001||October 9, 2020||
|Points Of Authority||Hybrid Theory (20th Anniversary Edition)||3:26||February 23, 2002||October 9, 2020||
|Points Of Authority (Live In Texas)||Meteora (20th Anniversary Edition)||3:25||August 02, 2003||April 7, 2023||
|Points Of Authority (Live In Nottingham 2003)||Meteora (20th Anniversary Edition)||3:25||March 03, 2003||April 7, 2023||
|Points Of Authority||Meteora (20th Anniversary Edition)||3:24||July 12, 2003||April 7, 2023||
|Points Of Authority||Meteora (20th Anniversary Edition)||3:25||October 29, 2003||April 7, 2023||
|Points Of Authority||Meteora (20th Anniversary Edition)||3:24||June 15, 2004||April 7, 2023|
|Points Of Authority||Meteora (20th Anniversary Edition)||3:24||August 30, 2004||April 7, 2023||
"Points Of Authority" has appeared in Linkin Park setlists since 2000 (and quite possibly, even before). Throughout the Hybrid Theory touring cycle, "Points Of Authority" was regularly performed as a mid-set song. While the band was experimenting the song placement with their setlists on the Ozzfest in 2001, it is quite possible "Points Of Authority" opened the show in East Troy, Wisconsin. While it is possible "Forgotten" opened the show instead (as we do not know the full setlist for that show), it would be the only time "Points Of Authority" had ever opened a show. The song returned to it's regular mid-set position for the rest of the Hybrid Theory touring cycle. At the band's late night performance at Rock im Park, "Points Of Authority" had some extensions added on to it: before the song, the "LEE Interlude" was performed before it - the interlude usually came before "Papercut". Mike also performed an extended beatbox intro before the song.
The song returned to the setlists on the Meteora touring cycle, where it reassumed its mid-set position. Starting on the Meteora International Tour, "Points Of Authority" finally received its first consistent extension. It featured a new extended intro, which was a piece of the song's remix from Reanimation, "Pts.Of.Athrty". The song retained the extended intro for the rest of the Meteora cycle. The studio version of the song was performed again for the Summer Sonic performances in 2006.
"Points Of Authority" was dropped for the first few shows on the Minutes To Midnight Promotional Tour. After six shows, the band finally performed it again starting at their show at the Bamboozle in New Jersey. The song returned with a brand new intro, entitled "Intro #1", along with Mike rapping the his verse from the song over the new intro leading into the main song. Mike continued to perform the intro in this fashion, until a few shows into Projekt Revolution 2007. Beginning in Phoenix, Arizona, Mike began incorporating various verses from older Linkin Park songs as well as Fort Minor tracks - in Arizona's case, he rapped "Petrified" by Fort Minor. Common verses over the extended intro in 2007 included "Petrified", "Step Up", and "In Stereo". Mike also performed rarer verses, including songs with Fort Minor that never debuted live, such as "Respect 4 Grandma" and "Bloc Party". Beginning in 2008, the band added on an outro to the song for the first time, which was essentially just a band jam. On the second tour of the year, the Minutes To Midnight North American Tour, Mike began rapping "There They Go" by Fort Minor over the outro. When the band had to drop the song for a few shows near the end of the tour due to Chester being sick, they tacked the outro onto "Papercut" instead. "There They Go" remained exclusive to the outro until 2009, where Mike began to experiment more with it, rapping verses from "Reading My Eyes" and "A Place For My Head" over it. 2009 featured some unique verses over the intro, as well (mostly due to mistake). Towards the end of the tour, Mike asked on his blog for suggestions of verses for the song which resulted in "Step Up" and "Dedicated" being rapped over the intro. In 2009, the band also changed up the instrumental of the intro, which then became "Intro #2". In Stuttgart, Germany featured a mashup of the first verse of "High Voltage" and a verse of "Bloc Party".
After an upwards of a nine year run, "Points Of Authority" was dropped during the A Thousand Suns World Tour. On the last show of the A Thousand Suns European Tour, in London, England, both "Points Of Authority" and "Somewhere I Belong" (another song that was not performed on the touring cycle) were listed on potential setlists for the night, but neither were ultimately played. The song did not return to the setlists until the Living Things touring cycle, where the band brought back many older songs including "Points Of Authority", "With You", "Runaway", and "Somewhere I Belong" for the first time in years. The song was performed as its studio version for the entirety of the cycle. An exception to this would be on the first night in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where Brad and Rob did a hit outro to the song. The intro of the song had the guitar track with a splicer effect on it so that it could imitate the palm-muting effect.
The song returned on The Hunting Party World Tour, where it was played near the end of Act I of the setlist (before "One Step Closer"). It segued right off of the extended outro of "Given Up", where it was performed with a new shortened intro. The song was performed consistently throughout the touring cycle. On the Carnivores Tour, "Points Of Authority" was replaced by "With You" in Set B, but was still performed in Set A. The song was dropped in the beginning of 2015, with "From The Inside" being its replacement. It did not return until the short Mexico Tour in June for the full version of the U.S. Festival set.
Though the full song did eventually make its way into the set during the The Hunting Party tour, the initial draft of the 2014 set had the intro rap being done over the ending of the "Mike Solo Medley" before transitioning into a shortened, instrumental version of the song.
"Points Of Authority" was included as a part of the "rotation slot" on the One More Light cycle, being added at the band's show in Berlin. It was rotated with "Somewhere I Belong", "From The Inside", and "A Place For My Head". During the band's extended sets in London, "Points Of Authority" was played earlier in the set on night two, being played after "New Divide".
Last Updated: December 13, 2015
|Type||Description||First Played||Last Played|
|Intro||Beatbox Intro||June 2, 2001||June 2, 2001|
|Intro||Lee Interlude||June 2, 2001||June 2, 2001|
|Intro||Reanimated Intro||June 3, 2004||September 11, 2004|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Points Of Authority" (Intro verse rapped over the extended intro)||May 6, 2007||July 31, 2007|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Petrified" Verse 1||August 1, 2007||August 24, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Nobody's Listening" Verse 1||August 3, 2007||August 24, 2007|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Respekt 4 Grandma"||August 4, 2007||August 19, 2007|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Dolla"||August 5, 2007||February 25, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Bloc Party"||August 7, 2007||August 12, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Petrified" Verse 2||August 8, 2007||August 16, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Step Up" Verse 1||August 10, 2007||October 26, 2007|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "In Stereo" Verse 2||August 11, 2007||July 20, 2007|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Second To None"||August 13, 2007||August 13, 2007|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "High Voltage" Verse 2||August 14, 2007||September 3, 2007|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "In Stereo" Verse 1||August 17, 2007||August 23, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "It's Goin' Down" Verse 1||August 28, 2007||March 6, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Nobody's Listening" Verse 2||August 31, 2007||August 31, 2007|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Petrified" Verse 1 (Long)||November 18, 2007||November 18, 2007|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "High Road" Verse 1 Tease -> "In Stereo" Verse 1||January 21, 2008||January 21, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "High Road"||January 22, 2008||January 22, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "Points Of Authority" Rap Tease||January 24, 2008||January 24, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 w/ "It's Goin' Down" Verse 1 Partial||January 27, 2008||January 27, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #1 (No Verse)||February 22, 2008||March 7, 2008|
|Intro||Intro #2 w/ "Petrified" Verse 1||July 19, 2009||August 15, 2009|
|Intro||Intro #2 w/ "Petrified" Verse 2||July 26, 2009||August 22, 2009|
|Intro||Intro #2 w/ "High Voltage" Verse 1 / "Bloc Party" Mashup||July 30, 2009||July 30, 2009|
|Intro||Intro #2 w/ "In Stereo" Verse 2||August 9, 2009||August 9, 2009|
|Intro||Intro #2 w/ "Step Up" Verse 1||August 11, 2009||August 11, 2009|
|Intro||Intro #2 w/ "Dedicated" Verse 1||August 13, 2009||August 16, 2009|
|Intro||Shortened Intro (No Verse)||May 24, 2014||August 9, 2014|
|Intro||Shortened Intro (With Verse)||August 15, 2014||November 7, 2015|
|Outro||Outro Jam||January 16, 2008||July 18, 2008|
|Outro||w/ "There They Go" Verse 1||February 22, 2008||August 11, 2009|
|Outro||w/ "A Place For My Head" Verse 1||July 21, 2009||August 22, 2009|
|Outro||w/ "Reading My Eyes" Verse 1||July 30, 2009||August 9, 2009|
|Outro||Short Hits Outro (Brad messed up, playing after the song ended, with Rob following his lead)||October 8, 2012||October 8, 2012|
Last Updated: December 23, 2015
- Benjamin Chandler (replacing Brad Delson)
- Ryu & Tak (Styles Of Beyond)
- Warren Willis (replacing Joe Hahn)
Awards and Nominations
|2002||Mnet Asian Music Awards||Best International Artist||Nominated|
- Chester Bennington: vocals
- Rob Bourdon: drums, backing vocals
- Brad Delson: guitars, bass, backing vocals
- Joseph Hahn: records, sampling, backing vocals
- Mike Shinoda: emcee, vocals, beats, sampling
- Don Gilmore: producer
- Jeff Blue: executive producer
- Andy Wallace: mixer
Forfeit the game
|Points & Authority|
Forfeit the game
Forfeit the game
In Other Media
- "Points Of Authority" is featured in the 2000 film Little Nicky and was included in its soundtrack album.
New Jersery metalcore band Burn It To The Ground (fronted by former The Air I Breathe singer Tony Dougard) released a cover of "Points Of Authority" on January 2, 2015 through their BandCamp page.
- Points Of Authority (Music Video): LPTV | MTV
- Points Of Authority (Texas 2003) - WMG
- Points Of Authority (Smokeout 2003) - Fremont Studios
- Interview: Linkin Park | Rolling Stone, March 14, 2002
- Mike Shinoda on Twitter: "The cut-up guitar on POA was originally a different, less-exciting riff. Brad suggested we re-write it; I agreed and decided to cut it up instead. #HybridTheory20" / Twitter, October 09, 2020
- Linkin Park Kerrang! | Tom Bryant - tom-bryant.com
- Linkin Park Web Interview - Mike Shinoda Clan, September 2000
- linkinpark.com chat 011120, November 20, 2001
- Linkin Park - Points of Authority (2001) | IMVDb
- End of Tour Update | BLOG | mikeshinoda.com, August 13, 2009
- "LP LIVE EXPERIENCE DRAFT ONE" - 2014 Tour - LPLive Exclusives and Specials - Linkin Park Live, June 13, 2019
- BURN IT TO THE GROUND (EX-THE AIR I BREATHE) | The Circle Pit, May 10, 2014
- Points of Authority (Linkin Park Cover) | Burn It To The Ground, January 02, 2015